Fishing line is an essential element of any "sport" of
fishing tackle. Fishing line, as is known, is divided into two great
classes - Monofilament and braided fishing lines. In winter, the
greatest interest is Monofilament fishing line. When choosing fishing
line safer to go to the following pattern: note the appearance of
the line on the spool, the latest fishing line has a glossy surface.
If the surface is dull, then it means that the line was "aged",
that is, on its surface by heat ultraviolet formed cracks. Aging
fishing line is also because of her over time, sweat stabilizers
and plasticizers. Rolled back about a meter long fishing line from
the reel, either visually or using a micrometer, ensure uniformity
of calibration of fishing line along its length. This is easily
done if the line was not very thin, ie its diameter 0,1-0,12 mm
and thicker. If the line was thinner, the mic did not help. Need
to use an optical method, for example, consider a fishing line under
Check the calibration of thin fishing line, its uniformity in thickness,
can be a very simple way. To do this on the fishing line to hold
down a small sinker. Shifting cargo line, you will immediately find
those places on the line, where it is thicker, the sinker will get
stuck here. Polythickness fishing line to catch flawed. It can be
used only if you chose a scaffold with a large margin of safety.
If the line was well calibrated, it is advisable to check its tensile
strength. Check the firm in the home can be on a segment of wet
fishing line about a meter long with a dynamometer. As a dynamometer
useful flat electronic scales. To do this we must put a scaffold
on the scales and two hands evenly and quickly pull the ends of
fishing line down to its rupture. During the break the scales show
the tensile load. This method is very rough and suitable only for
relative comparisons of different woods with the same diameter.
For accurate test you need to follow certain standards and to have
expensive specialized equipment.
Currently, the sale can be found a variety of fishing line, which
differ not only the material from which made, but the color and
even cross-sectional shape: round, flat, etc. In contrast to the
round, lines of another section are extremely rare, and few that
they are more likely than round woods, along the length vary in
strength and less elastic, but not uniformly passed through the
rod rings (for the most part it refers to spinning), wear out sooner
than monofilament round. Therefore, the last and received the greatest
races rostra n n e n s.
However, such line was imposed (especially fishermen, athletes)
increased requirements: fishing line should be not only circular
in cross section, and calibrated, that is the same thickness throughout
its length. High quality fishing line - clear, no spots, interspersed
with dark dots and bubbles. And it should be noted that not all
domestic production of fishing line up to such high standards. Imported
twine better meet these requirements, but there is also admitted
some flaws: often the case that (the actual diameter and tensile
strength is not indicated on the. Label - usually the diameter is
slightly larger, but the tensile strength - less. Therefore, purchasing
fishing line, even well-known foreign firms, if necessary, should
check their diameter with a micrometer, and strength - dynamometer.
If you have been fishing lines of equal thickness, the preference
should be given to the fishing line with a smaller diameter. This
line was less pronounced in the water, and will not alert the fish,
while fishing with spinning rods in the wiring does not get worse
"game" easy bait, such as floating wobbler, and the very
best angler feels this "game". Given that the weight of
the fish in water is much lower than in air, with skilful vyvazhivanii
big fish will not break the thin twine.
Not always when buying a fishing line can figure out the time it
was made, did not know the conditions under which it is stored,
check the tensile strength, of course, impossible, but visually
inspect it closely you can. For example, considering a fishing line
into the light, you can see there were frequent small transverse
stripes, which indicate the start of the aging process, perhaps
even when stored without its use.
And if you just stretch twine between your fingers, you can even
feel it and damage the surface layer - will feel the roughness.
This is also the first sign of scratches and cracks on the surface
of the fishing line. A generally accepted that about 60% of the
strength fishing line "signed" in its surface layer, which
is only 10% of the diameter fishing line. If you intend to catch
a fairly large fish, the fishing line damaged area needs to be replaced
or use the other line.
Quite often it also happens that the fisherman for a long time enjoyed
success the same fishing line, believed in its strength, but suddenly
the worst possible moment (and it usually always happens so!), A
large fish broke the "sound" the line. But agree that
it is the larger fish interrupts her. It is only people who are
far from fishing, sometimes joke on fishermen: "Well, of course,
once interrupted, it means that large." Of course, big! Small
fish are unlikely to break off ... This suggests, and the conclusion:
a scaffold should be changed periodically.
How often? Experts believe that the longest term, released a line,
- a season of work. Of course, the work, rather than storage! Some
anglers, most often masters of their craft, they change often.
Strength fishing line to rupture, and this is one of the most important
of its indicators, determines the principle of the rod and the type
of rod used. Especially in the construction of fishing rods, where
it is used with the brake coil. In this case it is necessary, based
on the breaking strength is used fishing line, adjust the brake
coils are approximately half of this effort. That is, the brake
should be activated, allowing the fishing line to go (with some
effort) from a spool at a load of 0,5 - 0,7 ultimate breaking strength
of the fishing line.
The breaking load of imported wood, and in recent years and a grove
of domestic production, are often not indicated in kilograms and
in units of force (N or N-Newton). To convert to pounds force value
to be divided by 9,8.
Of course, the market today can be found very small diameter (like
fish line, Momoi
etc.)and thus high-strength, but the price of such a line does not
everyone anglers can afford. Can successfully manage and domestic
fishing line produced by man-made fiber plants. Sometimes, some
fishing line do not differ much from import. They are well calibrated,
transparent, durable, have a regular (round) section, slightly lose
strength at the sites. Besides, and sold domestic fishing line at
a more affordable price.
But, by the way, if the fishing line diameter 0,3 - 0,4 mm can still
be compared with imported ones, the thin fishing line (diameter
0,1-0,2 mm), considerably less import.
According to its flexibility and ability to stretch all the fishing
line with a certain tolerance can be divided into hard and soft.
To import a hard line was possible to attribute such as "Titan",
"7000 mono", "Royal Bonilla", "Cortex"
(USA), Tartu superkontrol "," Mirakuliks nylon ","
Starlon sprint "(France)," Abulon Extra "(Sweden),"
Super-bikolon with "," Chameleon "(Germany). Average
stiffness have almost all Japanese fishing lines, such as fishing
line can be attributed to our known to all anglers Russia, Klinskoye
To soft line was included, such as nylon Hardy (England), "Abulon
Spin" (Sweden), "Bauer Perlon," Admiral ","
Platil Extra Stark (Germany), Sigma, Stren, "Bonilla ling ","
Garcia platil (USA).
To equip the fishing rod can fit almost any of these woods both
imported and domestic - the only question is what kind of bait you
are going to equip and what fish you are going to catch.
For example, to equip the spinning is better to use more soft twine.
This line does not only allow fairly easy to throw away the bait,
but will be good to amortize jerks big fish when it vyvazhivanii.
That's just the term "active life" in soft wood, they
still retain their quality is somewhat less than stringent.
As was noted above, the line loses its dignity, not only in the
operation, which is natural and, if mishandled its storage. It often
happens that anglers are stocking fishing line for the future, and
then (after a long and improper storage), the new line was torn
like a rotten thread!
You can even purchase an expensive, high-quality line, but with
long-term, what is more, storing it improperly, it will become worthless.
Strength fishing line is reduced due to the natural aging process
the material at its long-term use or storage, due to lack of drying
on the strength of fishing line and a negative impact sites. Of
course, different units have different lower strength - some less,
others more. Therefore, the angler should choose to use the simplest
and least reduces the strength of the fishing line knot to work
out his tie and almost without thinking. For example, a fairly common
site "loop the loop" reduces the strength of the line
Elastic synthetic fishing line can be stretched elastically by about
10%, and in addition, extend from wetting in water up to 5% of its
I must admit that many anglers do not always think about that, after
fishing a must dry the line. When drying line was reduced, and if
it is wound on a reel spool of crude and fairly dense, in the process
of drying, it can compress the drums with such force that will bring
it down. Repeated stretching and reduction in fishing lines, of
course, reduce its tensile strength.
Therefore, before winding line on the reel after fishing it should
be dried in the air, but if, for example, due to weather conditions
make this impossible, then at least wind the line onto the reel,
but reel is weak and already thoroughly dry the house.
Home it can be done is simple: find a vacant seat in the room, to
dissolve the line onto the clean floor, give it to dry and then
pull up on the coil.
Some anglers are placed on the spool (inside it) the ring of sponge
rubber, cork or foam rubber, which damping force while reducing
the fishing line. Such a ring can help to more completely fill the
spool, if the line was a little long - so it will be easier to go
with a spool when casting the entire length.
The stock of fishing line and a spool of fishing line in
between fishing is recommended to store in the refrigerator if not,
then at least in a dark cool place. In this line does not must be
wound tightly. The fact that knots reduce the strength of the twine,
it was already briefly mentioned, I would like to note that even
such small details tackle, or a swivel clasp (they loop) should
not be made from a wire thinner than the fishing line. If so, then
this place will be stronger than monofilament warp.
In addition to drying fishing lines after fishing experienced
anglers are advised to conduct and such a procedure: dissolve the
scaffold with a coil on the ground better on gravel, and going from
the coil to the free end of fishing line, wipe it with a piece of
cotton wool soaked in gasoline, and tightly clenched fingers. This
should be done twice or thrice. This procedure will eliminate the
matte coating, which worsens the slip line in crossing the rings
and this reduces the ease and casting distance. After such a strong
line rubs not only restores its original luster, but exempt from
twisting. Of course, this matte coating is formed not only on the
fishing line, but also in the crossing rings. He too should be removed.
In short, it is necessary to tackle all the details, which adjoins
woods, should have a well-polished, mirror-like surface.
And, despite the fact that the line was used by quality, and the
inner surface crossing of the Rings perfectly polished, made of
ceramic or porcelain, it's worth, not sparing fishing line after
every fishing, especially the intense, cut off about 1 - 1,5 m from
the end fishing line. Basically, this refers to the spinning, as
fishing line most strongly deformed at the eaves (the tulip) at
the time of casting lures. There is another board most long-term
use fishing line. If you have a coil wound fishing line is much
more than you would normally use for casting, then over time the
ends of the fishing line can be interchanged, tackle will become
Speaking about the loss of strength fishing line on the nodes, without
which, unfortunately, do not yet possible, the reader is offered
a choice of a sufficiently large number of various sites. Which,
to select a node - the problem is solved by the angler. But the
outcome should be of such criteria: the site must be (if possible)
be simple and as little as possible to weaken the line. If possible,
before tying up the site before it tightened scaffold useful to
If the line was thick, wet preferably in hot water - the node will
be more reliable.
Fishing line for sale come in different colors: clear as glass thread
(it is considered a universal), gray, blue, greenish, multicolored
(rainbow), white ("milky") and other fishing line color
does not matter, but if there is a possibility, you can stock up
on fishing lines in different colors: green - for fishing overgrown
with algae ponds, gray and blue - for lakes and rivers with a rocky
bottom, yellow - the color of sand, brown - the color of the muddy
bottom. Then they will blend with the surrounding background and
the smaller fish will be seen, it would not be cause for concern.
Rainbow color promotes "skradyvaniyu" line in a clear,
Our industry produces mostly transparent fishing line, but some
foreign companies manufacture fishing line is not only a variety
of colors and shades, and even some that change color depending
on light conditions. About the color of a fishing line anglers no
consensus: some try to pick up fishing line with respect to the
peculiarities of the reservoir, but most probably still believes
that the best use of a transparent fishing line. Transparent as
glass, it is in water it becomes almost invisible, and if it begins
to acquire a matte finish - it is a signal of its aging, loss of
strength. That means it's time to change it. True and perfect, seemingly
transparent fishing line has a disadvantage: a sunny day in the
rays of light penetrating the water, some fishing line, no matter
how transparent and thin she was, still get a halo, frightening
If you do not have the desired color fishing line, it can give yourself,
using transparent monofilament and a variety of colors, and you
can do without dyes. By the way, many experienced anglers believe
that the color of the fishing line attached not only to disguise
- dyes and stabilizers increase its longevity by preventing the
damaging effects of sunlight. True, some results of studies on this
subject in the literature, the author could not be found. Maybe
it's because ... But I would like to make sure in practice. Durability
you can check the dynamometer, but how to increase the term "active
life" self-colored fishing line ...
Prescriptions for self-coloring fishing woods know very much.
Here are some of the most simple and affordable for coloring at
To get the color you want to take the fishing line to a paste with
a ballpoint pen and dissolve it in acetone. For example, for blue
fishing line to take the 150-170 g of acetone (about the size of
one cup) and omit it cut into pieces (up to 1 cm) of two rods with
a blue and a rod with a red paste. All this can be collected in
a glass jar, tightly close the lid, stand for 8 hours, then carefully
stir a few minutes.
The resulting solution was poured into a small deep bowl and put
the roll of fishing line about 15 minutes - 20. Twine is completely
covered with staining solution. Then rinse with warm water and a
fishing line, then cold and dry. The density of the selected color
will depend on the amount of dissolved paste.
For painting a line in a light brown color of tea take 10 grams
per 100 grams of water and boil for 3-5 minutes. Then, in a boiling
solution put on a coil of fishing line 12 seconds, to cool and then
boil 12 seconds. This procedure should be done three times. After
this, a scaffold to keep the cold tea on the day.
For painting a line in green color, you can use ordinary aniline
dyes (dye matter in green). Dye to dissolve in hot water, add a
few grains of salt and wait until the solution becomes warm, omit
the place for a day roll of fishing line. After this wash line in
the cold water. On the amount of dissolved dye will depend on density
To obtain a yellowish-brown fishing line can be as a colorant to
use unpeeled onions. For this to take 15 grams a husk, put in some
jar, pour 150 g of water, boil for 5 minutes, then remove from heat
and put in there skein of twine so that it does not pop up. Add
a line in the dye for three hours, after which remove and rinse
with cold water.
Yellowish-amber color twine can be obtained if we take the dye henna,
which is sold in perfume stores. The paint to dissolve in hot boiled
water. When the solution will be slightly warm, put the fishing
line for 20-30 minutes. After staining the scaffold rinse in cold
water and drain.
Color twine from light brown to dark brown can be obtained if the
dye used as a green walnut shells.
When walnut lagging, its green shell bursts, and the fruit falls.
It is this that span and should be used for dyeing fishing line.
Approximately 800 g of shell to fill with water so that the entire
mass would be fully covered and there would be room for winding
Walnut shell boil 15-20 minutes, then lower the back line and immediately
remove from heat. After keeping the line in dye 12 - 14 hours, rinse
it in clean cold water and drain. Tone coloration depends on the
number of shells of walnut - than their larger, the thicker will
Scaffold can be painted, even with the help of ordinary potassium
permanganate. For this purpose a small piece of plate to boil water,
put it a few crystals of potassium permanganate (the more, the darker
the color will be fishing line) and place in a boiling solution
of the entire roll of fishing line for several minutes. A vessel
to remove from the heat and allow to cool a solution together with
fishing line to room temperature.
Of course, anglers are known and other methods of dyeing woods in
different shades. For example, using the dye for synthetic fabrics,
"Ele-Gant. Technology staining is fairly simple.
For coloring in the color you want to select the appropriate dye
and prepare a solution. In a small saucepan pour 0.5 liters of water,
bring to a boil, add there, stirring constantly, 10 g of the dye.
If you want to paint a line in brown, then cooked (see above), a
solution of brown dye pour 0.5 liters of cold water, heated to a
temperature of about 70 ° C. Before you delete it roll of fishing
line, hold it for 5 minutes in warm water. Dipped in dye solution
scaffold for 5, 10 or 15 minutes - will depend on density of tone,
then rinse and dry. Another dye, a different color string. Those
anglers who have used this method, they say that line was becoming
more and stronger.
In addition to a transparent fishing lines and lines painted in
different colors, there are the so-called fluorsstsentnye. The main
purpose of a grove of fluorescent color line - to ensure maximum
visibility for the angler and be invisible to fish. Gamma fluorescent
woods - a light blue, yellow and light green Estimates. Many anglers
do not support such advantages that Leckie, considering that the
fish sees it, too.
Returning to the strength of fishing line, I would like to note
that the buyer twine often the main criterion for evaluation is
the breaking load and strength of the site, you have the ability
to twine at the sites carry a maximum load is close to bursting.
In this case, are often ignored such important properties as elasticity,
durability, resistance to ultraviolet radiation.
I quite often heard in the store, where anglers (based on age -
have already experienced), choosing a line, saying: "It's a
bad fishing line!", And the question: "Why?" Replied
without hesitation: "She does not hold knots . Even without
knowing the properties of fishing line, they are already in advance
of its defective. However I believe these fishermen do not know
good sites. Because any node in some way weakens the strength of
the fishing line, but only one is stronger, while others (though
more complicated), much less.
Yes, and on its cost twine of the same diameter are very different.
Why is it a fishing line is much more expensive than the other?
It is likely that the production of small wood superclass use high
quality raw materials. When drawing on the rolls of the molecule
such fishing line will be located parallel to each other or to create
a fairly complex structure to ensure optimum properties of fishing
line. In this form the layers of high strength, which no longer
have cheap monofilament. Yes, and lines from cheap raw materials
are more porous, so it can absorb water up to 10% of its own weight,
making them weaker and unusable. This is especially manifested in
the winter fishing at low temperatures, when the fishing line becomes
Speaking of knots, it should be noted that different fishing lines
differently lose strength at the same sites. So, for tougher filaments,
the maximum tensile load at a site higher. For this reason, ignorant
fishermen and choose this line, the more so because it is cheaper.
In practice, it turns out that in addition to strength, low elongation
and a lower price - no benefits such line does not matter. And strength
indicator such a grove is also not durable and after a few intense
fishings it is markedly reduced. In addition, if the gear is used
coil, the tough fishing line is much greater effect on throughput
of the ring, especially at the "tulip", inflicting minor
"injuries" from which the fishing line deteriorates more
As for the knots, then the strength of fishing line is determined
not only by the quality monofilament itself, but also the ability
to tie the right fishing knot, pick it up to a particular fishing
line. Indeed, among the set of existing nodes can always find one
that at least 5-10% have more strength than others. The best sites
allow you to save strength line on the gap to 90-98%, while, as
the worst, only 50 - 60%.
Speaking about the shortcomings of rigid monofilament and comparing
it with a soft line, must, of course, to note the important characteristics
of the latter - the elasticity. Soft monofilament not only made
from high quality raw materials, has a complicated structure, but
also a special coating that provides maximum wear resistance, low
friction and durability of the fishing line. The price of such a
tall grove, and the strength is somewhat lower. But this line was
soft, elastic, passing through the crossing of the ring with minimum
friction, provides the angler maximum casting distance, which significantly
increases the area of catches, therefore, increases the chances
of success. That is, starting at least from a brief listing of advantages
and disadvantages of these woods, fishermen and should stop their
choice on a more appropriate, considering what a tackle and what
he's going to catch fish.
In recent years, our country is becoming more common are thin, non-tensile
twine-plaiting, which allow not only good control wiring bait (in
the case of fishing spinning), but also make reliable sweeps. True,
the zero stretch Braids can not fully utilize the aggregate depreciation
property line and udilisha, as happens with conventional monofilament,
so when using braided structure of the rod is better to choose closer
to the parabolic, to soften the jerk fish.
Twist - a kind of synthesis and braided Monofilament fishing line
when in the process and fibers woven in a special way and are fused
together. During this processing produces lead, which as a whole
stronger set of individual components of its fibers.
For many novice anglers, this twist on its price is not available.
Multiple tests Braids near our famous masters sport fishing
and found a number of shortcomings of this thread.
For example, the braid very parousia casting and is prone to tangling.
Most of all claims against the so-called flat not round in cross
section. Flat Braids are less suitable for casting in windy conditions
(due to lateral) at catching on spinners at winding on the spool,
where the fishing line is wound erratically (outer layers can sink
into and disrupted internal layers of casting fishing lines, and
"beard •> Braids is difficult to disentangle). When using
a spinning rings crossing with poor quality ceramics such twist
"chew" them, especially the upper ring - a tulip. Rather
quickly lost color impregnated, the color becomes whitish, braid
Of course, if the coil is equipped by a metal spool with a well
polished front wall, a roller lesoukladyvatelya with hard alloy,
high-quality fit line on the spool, the fisherman can count on all
the advantages of Braids. In order to extend the "active life"
Braids, preferably after fishing twine to impregnate silicone grease.
Given the high strength of the fishing line when the angler can
not get rid of a hook, fishing line break is not always possible,
and cut just pathetic. In this case, the output can be found in
the following. Given the nature of the reservoir, the probability
of hooks, size of fish that are likely to become your trophy, worth
(to preserve valuable Braids) to put these tees, you can try to
straighten out with the hook, keeping the line.
Weighing all the negative and positive sides of Braids (and, of
course, its price!) Angler will decide for himself - whether he
may well pay dearly for this scaffold. Most likely solution would
be: if the quality of Braids (with the appropriate tackle and proper
care for it) persists for a few years, then certainly yes. But to
buy such expensive line on one season, probably not worth it.
Table 15. Characteristics of woods
Diameter fishing line breaking strength, kg
(Braids) mm monofilament braid
0.1 / 0.1 0.95 5.6
0.12 / 0.12 1.35 7.5
0.15 / 0.14 1.8 9.5
0.17 / 0.16 2.85 12.5
0.22 / 0.22 4.2 20.0
0.25 / 0.25 5.32 24.0
Note: The table comparing the strength of nylon twine and braid
Will not compare the strength of the various fishing woods, it's
quite clear you can see from the following table, where ordinary
compared to monofilament cord-braid firm «SALMO», which is made
from high quality fiber. This special fiber is stretched and attached
cord with high strength and sensitivity with bite that allows you
to feel very weak and cautious bite at a great distance and depth.
But to compare the data of high quality braided twine Whiplash U.S.
Cutting line diameter (mm) Breaking strength (kg)
0, 06 10, 6
0, 1, 14 1
0, 24 - 37, 8
0 28 46 9
Wow! On such a solid line (especially spinning) can only dream of.
Only interesting to know how much it costs?
As with monofilament, having a long way from the first (at the time
seemed just fantastic fishing line!) Of the samples to a wood today,
combining almost incompatible requirements for them, and braided
fishing line in a relatively short period of significantly changed
for the better. And today, cords of high-modular polyethylene eliminated
all the shortcomings of the old generation "braided",
the main trouble was that rapid wear (razlohmachivanie), and hence
- a sharp decrease in strength. And if the first Braids recommended
(although this requirement must be fulfilled for the use and monofilament)
applied to the rods, crossing equipped with rings made from durable
materials such as aluminum oxide, silicon carbide and others, as
ceramic rings, not to mention the steel (!) "sawn" even
ordinary fishing line. It is desirable that the front wall of the
spool open inertialess coil would have a sloping shape (profile)
and would be well polished, would not have the slightest roughness.
"Braids", performed on the newest technology is much less
"hurt" crossing of the ring. Braids wear occurs in two
stages: first, get ground cord to the rings, one can say he "zapolirovyvaetsya,
compacted, and then, in the second stage is the main wear of the
cord, and the detrimental impact of it on the ring is greatly reduced.
Reeling braided line onto the spool open inertialess coil experienced
spinning Council reserves the distance to the edge of the spool
is not 1-2 mm, as is usually done at winding monofilament, and about
3 mm. On bait casting distance is almost not affected, but the likelihood
of premature discharge turns cord almost eliminated. It should be
noted that if a tight knot on the "Braids" unleash a difficult
and sometimes impossible, then we should try immediately with a
needle, gently, without tightening it, untie.