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How to Choose Bait
"for Successful Fishing"
Fishing Baits and Lures
Fans fishing spinning knows how much depends on its success from the well chosen baits. In fact, no matter what brand or have your rod and reel, do not see them underwater predator, and trolling.
Of course, everything has meaning - distance and accuracy casting, speed wiring system of rods and strength fishing line - spinning tackle should be harmonious, and minor details about it. But not too little we know about trolling? The fact that this bait is equivalent to "just like all brilliant, absolutely not saying that just as easy to get close to her secrets. And the secrets she has, and considerable. How to play jig in the water, seen by many people, but you've seen something mainly at the top and near the shore. We decided to engage seriously in studying the properties of spinners and this put some of them in a hydrodynamic tube. It allows you to create an environment in which the spinner turns with the wiring in standing water, along or against the current. In this case, nothing prevents to observe all the details of playing a spinner, repeatedly changing the flow velocity, etc., and special equipment even easier task.
When moving baits in the water, as a rule, anglers interested in the following:
How fast rotating petal and how much it deviates from the axis? Commits a spoon energetic fluctuations, reminiscent of a live fish, or lazily reloaded from side to side, if it is oscillating? Does the spoon under the speed wiring, which allows you to develop your spinning reel? How stable is the game that is not sticky and not a petal falls to the bottom of a spoon, if you were to rotate the spool a little slower, or your arm lost its rhythm? Or, conversely, does not begin to resemble a minnow in the water its movement is not a sacrifice, and a hunter, if you slightly increase the rate of postings? Of course, in addition to these factors, there are many others that affect catchability spoon (as she painted, as it reflects light, which is the sound of the water). But if the nature of the game spinners you are satisfied, then with a spoon you can safely go on a fishing trip. We want to introduce you to some of the results of studies conducted in the Laboratory of Experimental Hydrodynamics Institute of Mechanics.
Hydrodynamic tube of the laboratory allows you to stay a little longer in the skin of the predator, which preys on One Piece. In this case, you will not threaten the fate of zasechennym be on the hook and waiting for a lot of interesting information. It can be very close to observe the smallest details of the game spinners. Behavior spinners studied at such speeds postings that can afford the usual One Piece, namely from 0,5 to 1,9 meters per second. By posting a spinner speed in still water shall mean the rate at which the jig close to the shore or boat. Because now among the most popular fishing spinners tell first of all about them. We conducted tests of two spinners, the petals of which have a step and a little bump to the form of a hat (a classical representative of these lures are spinners firm "Mepps").
The first jig - foreign production (firms "Bass") - already familiar with our sportfishermen, as often found on store shelves. But the second spinner - a newbie, she most recently designed the laboratory staff of the experimental fluid dynamics, although similar to some others.Both baits were tested in exactly the same conditions.
For both spinners character of the rotation frequency of the petal from posting the same speed - the faster you turn the handle of the coil, the faster rotating petal spinners. And speed lobes (ie the number of revolutions in 1 second) are also close, although petal "Trapeze" rotates a bit faster. But what is important: spoon "Bass" detached from the bottom and drops it at the same speed wiring -0.85 meters per second, while our spoon breaks away from the bottom at a speed of posting 0.87 meters per second, and falls under speed is nearly twice lower - 0.45 meters per second. That is, this jig can plan, which is of great importance to the fishing techniques and tactics. Firstly, if the coil was rotated slightly slower, you are insured by the fact that the jig fall to the bottom. Secondly, at the same casting distance you can use the plan to lure, to increase time posting, and besides, it is better to imitate bait sluggish, weak fish. And, both increase the chances of bite. These properties, "Trapeze," has through successful form of petals, on which the work of spinner. I must say that the above spoon (this is still a prototype) - not only the development of the Laboratory of Experimental Hydrodynamics Institute of Mechanics, Moscow State University. Is a model, a petal which rotates with the same frequency (10 Hz) at any speed posting. Such a bait will be useful in cases where the fishing is in troubled waters and the fish must hear your trolling. Constant speed and provides a continuous sound the same spoon that eliminates the need to pick up speed posting.
Based on the results of the tests will try to draw some conclusions:
-Domestic spinners, copying the best foreign models, sometimes made of material with different density and thickness, which leads to a significant change in their characteristics.
Some manufacturers, spinners, trying to save the material, make the petals rotating spinners unreasonably small. This product is poorly unwound and there are many blank entries.
-Some troll, whose petals are evenly arched and resemble a spoon without a handle, is inherent in a typical drawback - the adhesion of an air bubble to the inside surface of the petals after the fall of spinners on the water. lobe does not start spinning until it will resolve this bubble.
Although we do not present the characteristics of the oscillating spinners, experiments with them are also conducted and showed that among domestic lures a lot of frank marriage. Structurally, they are easier spinning, but moving in water is much more difficult. Is not always the nature of the game corresponds to their name. Some types of oscillating spinners when tested in water did not hesitate, and rotated, so much so quickly, that could serve as a rather intimidating way, but no bait.
Among the spinners, oscillating low-quality samples are much more common than among rotating. Should be especially careful when using the so-called heavy oscillating spinners domestic production. If you catch them and then only in rivers with fish, not frightened, and against the current.
-The best properties are those flickering, which have two bend, and a spinner with an asymmetric body.
Of course, the findings here are only preliminary, some of which coincide with the well-known facts of fishing practices, but also work with the first results we decided to introduce you, is still in the beginning. Continued its promises considerable benefits to both manufacturers spinners and anglers. First of all, recorded on videotape playing spoons in the hydrodynamic tunnel can become a good advertisement. And fishermen will be able to buy a spinner in the store watch the video with her playing in real and slow motion. In the future, manufactured baits can provide information about the characteristics of their game, which will facilitate the selection of spinners anglers best suited to specific conditions of fishing. Producers spinners seem to be a good idea of design spinners, not inferior in its catchability, and perhaps even exceed the best foreign models. Prerequisites to obtaining such results are. Or maybe you need to change the shape of already produced spinners to improve their properties or to select the most promising models? And it can be done. And if you need to know how to design spinners, this problem is solvable, too.
Before the small and medium producers usually there is a problem of accuracy performance products. But the form developed by the spinner can be so successful that the requirements in this part of the production can be reduced. Spinner still has many secrets. In the game of bait is not only the deflection angle lobe, the sound of it when posting, but also optical and acoustic masking the tee and more. The work on the movement and behavior of spinners, as any serious business needs financing, and joint cooperation can be fruitful not only for businessmen but for all anglers - athletes and fans.
Bait for the colder winter months
by Shaun Harrisons
Click image for larger size
Autumn often sees carp anglers looking for a change of bait for the colder months. Shaun Harrison asks why and offers an alternative perspective.
A confusing issue that crops up every year is when anglers Mart talking about changing over Co their winter baits'. But why do they change their baits? I must admit that I have never seen the sense in using a bait all summer and autumn, piling it in and establishing it, getting the fish used to seeing it. only to stop using it when the fishing naturally bccomes a little more difficult. This, in my mind, is hardly the time to try and establish a new bait at a time of the year when the carp's metabolism is slowing down.
Before going any further, let's skip back to the question: But why do they change their baits? It is generally accepted that fish meals are baits to use in the summer months and bird-food- type baits during winter. This is very much an oversimplification of a rather complex subject but I will continue and attempt to cover these ivsues in relatively simple terms. So. why do anglers in the know generally stop using fishmeal baits during winter? Well, it basically comes down to the oil and fat content in most fishmeal-type baits and the subsequent difficulty that the carp can have in digesting this type of bait during the cold winter months. The main problem occurs with some of the cheaper types of fishmeal that people use in their baits and the fad that many anglers add bulk fish oils to these, which heightens the problem and reduces their usefulness in winter. During the summer months these types of bait can be highly effective and the carp certainly like to eat them. However, in cold-water conditions the baits end up very different to the ones that you may think you are using. Basically, the oil and fat content in these baits congeal and end up sealing in most of the attraction that they leached out during the warmer months.
I like to put these things into human terms wherever possible and this is an instance where it is easier to explain what is happening with the bait in this manner. If we are going to get all up to date, imagine a simple potato chip, or even a piece of kebab meat. When warm, the chip and the meat are arguably quite tasty things. Leave the same chip and kebab meat on a plate and revisit them in the morning and you have totally different items of food sat there. As they have cooled off the lat content has seemingly increased. It hasn't, but the cooler air around them has congealed this fat and totally changed the appearance and taste of that same food. Try eating some (if you can stomach it) and you will find that it is more difficult to eat and swallow, as well as tasting very different to the food that was on the plate the previous evening. This illustrates quite clearly why the baits generally give off much less in the way of food signals in the colder water - suddenly everything is trapped and unable to escape. More importantly, however, the carp have immense problems digesting oil and fat in cold water. We must remember that carp are cold-blooded creatures and the colder the water, the colder they are, so the slower their metabolism. Don't get me wrong, there are some excellent fishmeals, extracts and proteins out there that the carp will eat throughout the winter months and be able to digest easily enough when blended with the right sort of ingredients. On the whole, though, many other fishmeal baits are best left alone during the cold weather.
So, what do anglers in the know use when the winter weather starts to close in? There seem to be two chains of thought on this one. A lot of the 'old school' anglers tend to start using what are generally referred to as milk-protein baits. The other chain of thought is the bird food and cereal ingredient users, and maybe even a combination of the two. I guess that one of the most commonly used bird- food-ingredient suppliers in the UK is Haith's. It supplies its own ingredients, which are actually its own unique mixes,
and some of these names have become almost legendary in bait-making parlance; Robin Red, Nectarblend and Red Factor are just a few examples. There are many more bird-food suppliers out there who offer their own versions for those of us who like to be a little different. I can only speak from my own findings, but when I used milk proteins in quite high quantities I never did so well during the colder months as I did on baits with a much lower protein content. Because of this I only use small amounts. Anything over about 80 per cent protein content in a bait and the carp invariably get a little bound up, taking longer to digest the bait. Ever since first diluting my milk protein recipes I have never looked back as far as my winter baits go.
I've experimented with many ingredients over the years, in an attempt to produce baits of a pretty loose texture that will not only leach flavours and attraction into cold water but will also be easily digested once eaten. The sooner the bait passes through the carp, the sooner that carp is going to need to feed again. Remember the phrase need to feed" rather than 'encourage to feed'. Certainly don't confuse this with giving the fish diarrhoea, though, because this will quickly ensure that the carp will soon totally avoid your bait. We have some excellent enhancers and stimulants available, but having the carp needing to feed is always going to be an easier situation to be able to catch than having to try and encourage it to feed. Think alnnit that one. Carp have little difficulty in passing through most of the bird-food-type ingredients available, making them ideal additions to boilie mixes, and this is why so many bait companies offer bird food-based baits. Most are low in oil content, making them the number- one choice for many come the cold water conditions of winter. Without a high oil content, the subtle, natural attractors from the ingredients are free to escape the bait and. so long as you choose your flavours sensibly, these will also be allowed to leak freely.
I feel that I'm better off with single hook baits.
So, there is a brief outline on the thinking of many anglers behind their winter-bait choice. However, one thing that I have always struggled to understand is why so many anglers simply do not bother to use what are termed as bird food-based baits during the warmer summer months. I use this type of bait for the majority of my fishing. Many anglers are surprised when I point out that I have only actually used fish meal-based baits for my fishing for just three separate summers over the past 30-odd that I have carp fished. Yet, talk to most carp anglers and they seem to feel that they can only catch with fishmeal baits. I'm happy for them to go along with this chain of thought because, come the cool-water conditions of autumn when their baits are becoming less effective, they are in the situation of having to wean the fish onto another type of bait. I am able to carry on introducing a bait that the carp have seen over a long period and already recognise as a food source.
If conditions get really difficult and I feel that I am better fishing with single hook baits, then I am offering a food morsel that they have eaten loads of times before. They know that it's food and are expecting it to be safe. The more of one type of bait you can get the fish eating, the more confident they become eating that bait. This results in easier to catch fish. You might well say: "But I have been using fishmeal baits all summer and have loads of confidence in them." This is fine but I strongly urge you to follow a route that I have done several times over the years and that is to start introducing your proposed winter bait from as early in the season as possible. I have never made any secret of my love of mixing different baits in my baited areas - giving the fish a bit of a feast rather than one source of food. Introduce just a few of your proposed winter bait all through the season and don't use it on the hair.
Try and refrain from ever having a cast, or, more importantly, getting a bite on it. By the time winter arrives and you feel that the time has come to change baits, you have one that the carp have been finding for several months but have never had reason to be scared to pick up. In effect, by simply adding the odd handful of "winter baits" to your bucket of free offerings each time you have been fishing throughout the year, you have carried out a long-term baiting plan and established a new bait that's ready to move on to.
One page Clipping from: saltwater volume: At The Rail - illustrated book for all ocean anglers
Chester Rocks. Natividad. Punta Eugenia
Almost at the tip of Punta Eugenia, the "el- bow" sticking out of Baja s west side, Ches- ter Rocks are about halfway down the pen- insula. Bait-making in the channel (Keller Ca- nal) that separates the rock and Natividad from the big island of Cedros is so productive that it may be second only to catching mackerel and sardines in Magdalena Bay. Mass quantities of red crab and sardines and mackerel are often found in the Keller Canal, which separates Cedros from Punta Eugenia and Natividad. All that bait attracts yellowtail, and since they're not fished very hard here either (the locals target lobster and abalone), the yellows grow up into big homeguard types that can strip a reel or break a rod. Jigfishing with surface jigs or plastic baits is also productive for yellows willing to come up for the chummed baitfish. When a homeguard yellow takes a jig like a Tady 45, Salas or Candy Bar (usually thrown with an 8 to lo-foot jigstick and 30 or 40-pound line), the fight is on suddenly and over a long time lat- er. It's amazing how fast a yellow can get from the sur- face down to 200 feet, and once it gets there, an angler who's unable to turn his fish will likely get sawed off.
To fish the surface iron, cast toward feeding cruising fish and then reel the jig in front of the yellowtail, at the speed that produces the most "kick" or wiggle in the lure. When they're in the right mood yellows will pound the sur- face jig in a big, curl- ing splash that...
Choose the best bait in the handwell.
Use a hook that's small enough for the bait but large enough for the fish you're after.
Cast or drop the bait gently, so it swims off quickly.
Fish in harmony with the other anglers-keep in step.
Retie a new hook after every bait-caught fish.
Fish jigs yoyo style, straight down, when metered fish won't bite at the surface.
Use single hooks on jigs when small yellows or un- wanted incidentals are being released.
Fish yoyo jigs at high speed, surface jigs at a slow- er. best-wiggle speed.
When surface casting to breezing, visible fish, throw ahead and beyond the school. Reel back in front of them. Don't cast too close. Best color bets are chrome and blue/white, unless bait of another color or pattern is present.
Mackerel patterns are often good, including the brown\yellow Spanish mackerel pattern.
Tips on Baits
It has already been proved that fish do possess a sense of smell. Scientific experiments have shown, for instance, that fish react in different ways to various smells. Baits, whether artificial flies or other lures, which have been in contact with insecticides, tobacco and other items exert a repelling influence on fish; while, on the other hand, baits which have come in contact with fish slime, fishblood or human saliva exert an opposite influence. The angler himself can produce a tip-top bait by removing the hook from a Robot- jig bait and replacing this with a Svangstaspinner. This combination bait can be cast long distances and has proved to be very fish-getting. If a fish is slow and sluggish and refuses to take, then try with an unusual type of lure. If a big trcut simply refuses to rise to the standard type of fly lure, present a small sized salmon fly or a streamer. Should fishing with a spoon or spinner bring no results, then offer that recalcitrant pike a never-failing wobbler.
Cod fishing is usually undertaken with a heavy action rod, heavy line and heavy baits. But one may also fish cod successfully on much lighter tackle. Try a selection of weedless baits, particularly the new Giller-weedless, ABULON lines 0.30 to 0.35 mm, on standard tackle and gear and you will be pleasantly surprised at the results. You can easily make your own anti-kink device to prevent line twist. Attach a spiral shaped sinker of lead onto the line about IV2-3 ft. above the bait and then bend the weight into a "U" shape. Line twist can occur when fishing a spinner in heavy flowing water. Make it a rule to pause during the reeling in, when the bait has left the water and is about 3 to 4 1/2 ft. from the rod tip. Now allow the spinner to unwind itself before you complete the winding in and commence the next cast. ABU 62
Cold Water Jerkbaits
by Burnie Haney
published:Lake Ontario Outdoor Magazine (www.lakeontariooutdoors.com) spring 2009
N'o doubt countless words have been written and ideas shared on the art of jerkbait fishing in cold water, so what you're about to read here won't be new to some, but it's my hope it will be helpful to others. With this installment our focus is on hard jerkbaits, Lucky Craft jerkbaits in particular. Since around 2000, this family of baits has grown every year and with good reason. Tour level anglers started using these baits and they quickly started winning and winning big. The most tele- vised win with a Lucky Craft jerk- bait was when Strike King Pro George Corcoran won a B.A.S.S. event on Lake Guntersville using a Lucky Craft Pointer. During the tournament the ESPN camera crews were very good at their job and with each fish Corcoran landed the viewers could easily see him removing the Lucky Craft Pointer from the fish's mouth. I think that short story speaks volumes about these baits and their effectiveness; so let's take a brief look at this fam- ily of baits. See the list of Lucky Craft jerk- baits by make, model, weight, and swimming depth on the fol- lowing page These baits produce very well during the cold water pre-spawn period and again late in the fall, just before winter arrives. Water temperatures during these two calendar periods are usually in the 45-55 degrees in the spring and then 60-45 in the late fall. The key to finding success in jerkbait fishing rests with three ingredients; the angler has to know when, where, and how. We've covered the when, but let's concentrate on the pre-spawn period and review the where and how. Location... location... loca- tion, how many times have we heard that before? Jerkbait fish- ing is all about the location and finding the right location deter- mines if you're going to load the boat or just wash your lures all day. I realize that might sound bizarre to some, but it's true, especially in water that's 45-55 degrees. The right move can turn an unproductive day into a win- ner, or it can turn a good bite into no bite. The key is to know when to move and where to move to. With a little home work, there are few things to look for that can help put you in the right location most of the time.
Anglers are well advised to do some lake study to improve their odds of finding the best locations quickly. For Northern anglers, a good time is during the hard water period when the boat's put away. If you live in areas that experience open water year round that does- n't mean a little chart study won't work for you too. Think of it this way, you could go to the lake and start driving around with your graph looking for potential areas or you could go on-line, or get a map and let your fingers do the walking for you. Select your areas mark your map and when you get to the lake you've already com- pleted 50% of your search. Elites Series angler Mike Iaconelli likes to use paper charts for his pre- fishing trips while sitting in his living room. He'll mark each con- tour line with a different colored marker to quickly identify similar areas across the lake. I've tried this and it works veiy well for visu- ally identifying like areas across any body of water, lake, river or reservoir.
During the pre-spawn period look for migration routes into shallow water from near by deepwater areas. Secondary points, fingers and channels swings adjacent to flats, and near deep water are solid areas to start your search. Each of these areas pro- vides a good navigational high-way the fish will use as the leave deeper water in route to their spawning areas. Often times the first major warming trend after ice out will draw good numbers of fish into these areas in just a day or two. Something to pay partic- ular attention to is where you are when you hook that first fish of the day. How deep were you, how far off shore, what's the structur- al element? Did you hook that fish off a finger, underwater hump, or channel swing. After you've hooked a few fish in a given area and your bite slows down it could be time to check similar areas near by. Remember that contour map that's color coded, it can certainly help when deciding where to go next. In my experience once you identify these migration routes they tend to produce every spring year after year. The science behind that is because largemouth bass are basically home bodies and they usually spend their entire life within a 1/2 mile to 1.5 miles from where they were spawned, Small- mouth bass are a bit more nomadic, but generally speaking they too tend to use the same spawning areas year after year. Whether you're targeting small- mouth or largemouth the one constant to success is using the right presentation to generate the most strikes. With water temperature run- ning from 45-55 degrees it seems the smaller profile baits work best. The Pointer DD in size 65 & 78 or the Slender Pointer in size 97 & 112 and the original Point- er in size 78 all produce on a slow jerk-pause-jerk retrieve. As the water gets warmer you can go up in size with your baits, but remember in this colder water it's best to pause for longer period between jerks. Sometimes pauses from 20-25 seconds or more are needed to generate the strike. Cold water often means clear water and you'd think since the bass can see the lure so well that they'd come from greater distances to strike, but in cold water they won't chase bait very far.
That's why the colder the water the longer the pause in between jerks and that usually produces best. I recommend starting with a pause of 6-8 sec- onds and if that won't get you bit then add a few more seconds of pause on each cast until you find the right cadence. The fish will tell you when you've found the right cadence. Once you find that right cadence it might produce for the entire day or maybe just a few hours a day, but most often it will hold up for a good period of time until something dramatic changes. I've also had days where the same cadence held up for a couple of days before I need to adjust, but that's not the norm. Most often you'll have to read the fish; listen to what they tell you and be prepared to adjust your presentation as needed. For my pre-spawn jerkbait fishing I use fluorocarbon line in 8-10 lb. test with a 6' 6" medium action rod and a 6.3:1 reel. I tie direct to the split ring, I don't use any snaps or swivels because I'm using a long pause and the fish has more time to look at the lure before they strike it. When I graph a point, finger or channel swing that has some solid marks on or near it I usually start with the lure that runs within a foot or two of where the fish are on the graph. For fish at 5-7 ft., I'll use the Slender Pointer that dives 3-4 ft and if I mark fish at 8-10 ft. I select the Pointer DD 78 that dives 7-8 ft. In my experience fish will come up slightly in colder water to strike, but they won't chase far and that's why the extended pause during the retrieve is so critical.
As the water continues to get warm and the fish get closer to the spawn you can speed up your cadence to cover more water, but generally speaking the colder the water the slower your cadence. If there's a key tip I can offer for your next cold water jerkbait fish- ing trip it's this; slow down your cadence, down size your bait and use lighter line. Oh, and one last thing, you're fishing a suspending bait in cold water... so slow down. Haney is a 28 year retired Army veteran now employed at Fort Dram as Chief of the Installation Operations Center. He's a regional Bass tournament angler and Pro Staffer for Lucky Craft and Secret Weapon Lures. When he isn't chasing bass or steelhead he spends his time as the Conservation Director for the New York BASS Chapter Federation and as a free- lance contributor to various publications. www.nybassfed.com/Data/Conserva- tion/Index.htm
Trout Fishing in Lakes
Great Lake Baits
Another very good bait is the black cockroach that is found amongst woodpiles and under the stones amongst the timbered areas around Great Lake Area. These can also be used with a set rod by suspending the cockroach under a bubble float and allowed to drift off shore, with the wind, to your nominated distance from shore.
Alternatively, baits such as these can be used to actively search the water as you would with a lure or fly. A long fishing rod is an advantage here as it allows a long smooth lobbing action to be used to cast soft baits without tearing it from the hook. The use of a spin cast reel on a long spinning rod allows the reel to be put into free spool very quickly when a fish has been felt taking the bait. This prevents the trout tearing the soft-bodied cockroach from the hook and allows it turn and swim away before re-engaging the reel to set the hook.
By retrieving soft baits with the rod tip pointing straight up, it will give you the opportunity to quickly lower the rod tip to give some slack line as the fish takes the bait and swims off. The action may also give you time to open the bail arm on a normal spinning reel if that is all you have available. The last alternative is to use a fly rod and fly reel spooled up with 10 pound Maxima. Using this method the bait can be cast out with one forward motion while releasing loops of the 10 pound Maxima from your line hand that had previously been pulled off the reel. The cockroach and line is then simply drawn in by hand until a fish has been felt taking the bait. Using this method there is no need to hold the rod tip straight up as the line is simply allowed to be taken from your hand as you feel the fish taking the bait.
Quick Rig Bait Bridling tool
Less Than a Minute is all that's needed to rig up a dead or live
Baits and Plastics - see and comment
Creek Chub - Fishing Baits for Surf and Freshwater fishing
Creek Chub well-known baits made to stand up to the heavy weights, from floating poppers to trolling and crankbaits , these lures are sure to make for an exciting day on the beach or lake.