Lures, what colors to use
"for Successful Fishing"
What color is put the lure? This question facing One Piece on each fishing trip, even if in his arsenal to just two. You can try to catch the first one, then another. And if many of them, more than three or four dozen?
But the lack of bites may be due to a number of other reasons. And it turns out that this is not fishing, a process designed to "maybe", the loss of confidence and control over the situation. The same problem with the color choices haunt us every time when buying expensive in-Blair or spinners, and the same soft plastic lures. Agree, it would be nice to know which sees the lure predatory fish, for which we so carefully choose her. The correct answer to this question would allow us to more intelligently select the color and styling of lure to achieve maximum detection range of fish in different conditions. Or perhaps, conversely, can take any, which first fell into the hands, only that it corresponded to its intended conditions of catching?
I once spent a lot of science, technology and fishing literature, has come to certain conclusions about the what they see lure fish, and even wrote about it. I think we will not return to it. But this topic is being discussed, the same article in today's magazines for the most part are similar and mostly limited to the subjective impressions of predator preference for lures of any color. Often, the results obtained in some specific conditions are extended to this type of predator at all. Continue to meet even these publications, which questioned the ability of deep-sea predatory fish to distinguish colors. This is already being said, in any gate. And so I decided to once again return to this issue. Not too inquisitive readers may miss the first part of the article, proves the validity of the proposed recommendations.
The perceived color of the predatory fish lure depends on two main
factors: the laws of propagation of light in water and on the spectral
sensitivity of the predator's eyes on the perception of individual
color components of light with different light conditions.
Passage of light in water. Light source is a solar water coronal light. It consists of ultraviolet (9%), visible (43%) and IR (48%) radiation. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation, we can not see. Our vision is available only visible range of radiation with wavelengths from 0.38 to 0.77 micron (1 micron = 10-6 m). Infrared radiation is absorbed by a water layer several centimeters thick and completely consumed by its heat. Ultraviolet radiation is attenuated less water penetrates to great depths, but no visible changes in water and in the background and does not cause and because of our further consideration, too, until the fall. Visible range of solar radiation after passage of the Earth's atmosphere with some degree of approval can be considered white light, containing all the components of the color spectrum. The atmosphere, though unevenly, weakening all electromagnetic waves, but none of the color components of light totally destroys.
Fundamental to the passage of sunlight in the water is the fact that because it is not the same strong absorption of electromagnetic waves of different lengths, the light of radical changes in its spectral composition, gradually losing one color component for another. That is what leads to change colors of lures, caught at different depths of the pond. The greater the depth, the stronger the absorption, the greater the loss of color components. Long-wavelength components (red, orange and yellow) are lost almost completely already in the upper layers of water. Short-wavelength light (violet, blue, and blue) absorbed less and penetrates deeper. Intensity tenfold attenuation of violet and blue rays in pure water is observed at a depth of 50 m, and green - at a depth of 13-15 m, orange - at a depth of 10-12 m, and red - at a depth of 7-8 m.
In turbid water containing suspended impurities of different composition
and size, the weakening of the color rays different. In this case,
by contrast, strongly scattering and absorbing short-wavelength
components of light and weak long-wave. As a result of the combined
dispersion of turbid water tenfold attenuation occurs at other depths.
Penetrate deeper than other yellow-green rays (up to 6 m or more),
blue-green reach 5 m, and orange - 3-4 pm So, at depths greater
than 6 m water and the surrounding background is increasingly becoming
a dark green-colored, gradually rolling in the dark. In freshwater
ponds in the flowering period of planktonic organisms already in
the upper five meters of water illumination is reduced by about
8 times. In this case, what specifically would like to once again
draw attention to the highest energy in pure water have the blue
rays, and in muddy - yellow-green. Maybe someone reading this, say:
"And what do I know?" And here is why.
All the objects that we see, except for self-luminous, are not sources of specific color rays, they only reflect the incident light. The surface of all objects strongly reflects the color component of white light, a wavelength which corresponds to its closest surface microstructure. If the items not covered in white light, and some of its constituents, they will stain the illuminating color, only the density of color will be different every time. Remember how the color of the clothes of entertainers in the glow of spotlights of different colors in a dark room. A similar happening in the water with our colored artificial lures and other objects, but instead their searchlights illuminating light of certain colors, made their way from the reservoir surface to a depth of finding the lure.
In pure water, fresh water at depths of 5-6 m has all the color
components of white light, and color of lures remained real, almost
the same as in the air. At depths ranging from 6 to 10 m of white
light falls red rays, and lures of different colors look yellowish-greenish
color with different densities. Accordingly, the yellow-green lures
are the least to lose in the density of color, and therefore will
be seen better than others. From diving to 10-12 m or more, to reach
in the main beams of blue flowers, all the objects and lures including
darker and more bluish.
In turbid water color picture is different. Bright red color lures pale before, at depths of up to 4 meters, and due to the stronger attenuation of short-wave blue light at depths greater than 6 m begin to dominate the yellow-green, gradually darkening with depth. At great depth the lure get dark faded tones. All colors with a decrease in water clarity, no matter how deep are, losing brightness.
All of these changes in color occur with lures of all colors. In this regard, perhaps we should not greatly disappointed if the choice of the deep lures for sale was not samples of your favorite "color scheme". Waters adjust the color of lures of different colors in strict conformity with the depth of fishing and water clarity is worth it to bury a 4-6-meter mark.
Now think about it, see whether the fish lures such what they
saw in the water at different depths of a person, or the possibility
of her making some other adjustments. It is known that the day the
fish that inhabit the upper layers of water, distinguish colors
as well as people. Light waves are perceived in almost the same
range as the people (from 0,40 to 0,75 m), even the greatest visual
acuity equal (0.554 microns). Vision of deep freshwater fish too
limited to this wavelength interval, but the maximum sensitivity
to the other.
Fish-eye, like the human eye, consists of an eyeball with a liquid glassy mass, a spherical lens with the pupil and retina with two types of receivers of light energy: cones - for day light perception and sticks - for twilight. Ratio between the number of cones and rods in different fish species differently: in the deep fish-hunting in the twilight, dominated by sticks, and a day - cones. Two types of receivers with different sensitivity give the fish to adapt to different illumination depending on time of day, depth, location, water clarity and presence obscures the ice cover. The duration of adaptation is about an hour.
The spectral sensitivity of the eye is shown in Fig. In the diagram, the three curves: red - to view the shallow-water fish, blue - for a view of deep sea fish in the "dark" adaptation and green - to view with deep-water fish "Light lures" adaptation. From the figure we see that the vision of fish is able to capture all the color components in the visible range, if only they had the energy intensity that is sufficient for perception. But the sensitivity of the eye to different colors is clearly different, different in a few times.
Colour in the eyes of the fish lure. The comparison shows how everything in nature is rational! No exception, and vision of fishes.Freshwater fish of our waters in the state "dark" adaptation, has a maximum sensitivity to the perception of yellow-green, that is exactly it, that "stain" the surrounding background, underwater inhabitants and all of our lures, which are at great
Sufficiently sharp eyesight and a fish in the blue and yellow colors
of the spectrum, which is important for seasonal changes in water
clarity. But at the same time discover the lure at a time when it
is fixed, and merges the color of the surrounding background, even
if the sensitivity of the eye in this range is maximal, the fish
is not easy, for example, than enjoy the fish fry are escaping from
predators by "fading" in the color background . Not by
chance in such circumstances, the visual detection range of predator
hunting its object does not exceed 1.5 m. At depths greater than
13-15 meters (wintering holes), all lure, as well as the surrounding
background, look dark and dull, their visual detection more difficult.In
such circumstances, "the dark" adaptation helps the visual
detection of the lure, but apparently not enough, and fish are increasingly
forced to rely on the sideline and smell.
When "Light lures" adaptation, typical of daylight hours, in pure water and at shallow depths (6 m), the maximum sensitivity of fish shifted to yellow-orange color, which allows a greater distance to distinguish objects such coloring. Not bad different lure fish and other flowers, as the light at these depths has not lost its color components and color contrast works effectively.
Artificially enhancing the visibility of the lure so we figured out how to look artificial lures of different colors in large and small depths of our freshwater and in any color scheme sees them fish at the "dark" and "Light lures" adaptation. Found that at greater depths (more than 6-8 m in pure water, and 3-4 meters - in the murky), when it absorbed the long-wavelength spectral colors (red, orange and yellow), the lure loses its original color and weaker allocated tosurrounding background. It is not color, but different density, which depends on the original color of the lure, sets it on a monotone background. In such circumstances, to increase the range of visual detection of lure fish can only increase in contrast.
To background contrast at greater depths was sharp, it is necessary that the true coloring of the lure was very different from the objects surrounding background (bottom vegetation, koryazhnika, stones, shells, sediments, sand or clay soil bed, etc.).For example, if the bottom is sandy, the lure must be dark in color (preferably blue or black), and if the bottom is clay, the lure of vice versa - light-colored or white. The important role played by the contrast. The most effective three-level contrast: the light-dark-light or dark-light-dark. One of the levels can serve as the background surrounding the lure, and two others in color lures. If the background is bright, the contrast is as lure for the black outline and bright inside.
Background colors in a clean and turbid water at different depths are changing, hence the need for a large variety of contrasting colored
deep-water lures. When choosing them to pay attention to in the first place the sharp contrast of color choices.
With the introduction of a production honeypot fluorescent (glow in the time of irradiation) dimensional (accumulate light and the light after irradiation) dyes situation has changed markedly. Invisible ultraviolet radiation penetrating to great depths, which we excluded from consideration, can activate the fluorescent and phosphorescent paint, and they begin to glow at a wavelength of about 0.6 microns, corresponding to yellow light. Therefore, at great depths, at dusk and nighttime use of these colors makes a noticeable effect. If an experiment and irradiated in a dark room with ultraviolet radiation a group of soft plastic lures and crankbaitlures different manufacturers, we find that some colors are generally not visible, while others, conversely, light from within a weak yellowish light of this, even a very weak additional emission may be enough to attract the attention of predators in deep water, ie in conditions where there is only one invisible ultraviolet radiation. So that the most effective (visible at depth) are fluorescent and phosphorescent lures, painted in color from pale yellow (ivory) to orange and red, because their surface microstructure of the closest matches the wavelength of generated light. This may explain the high efficacy of lures color "chartreuse" in the hunt for deep-water predator in poor visibility conditions.
Fluorescent and phosphorescent paints and paints that react to ultraviolet radiation can also be used as an auxiliary tool for color scheme lures. Depending on where and how to bear, they give the lure a certain silhouette, or emphasize certain elements of the circuit, which in daylight is not visible. So, for example, glued on artificial lures the eye of the film, activated in ultraviolet rays, at depth, due to contrast enhancement, "work wonders". A narrow strip deposited on the flickering reacts to ultraviolet light paint makes the lure visually more narrow than it actually is.
When fishing is in shallow waters where there are all the components
of white light, as experience shows, the restrictions in choosing
its color scheme. And the color in the color of pelagic forage fish,
and bright-colored and combined color and color of quiet tones,
and any fancy paint can bring unexpected success in an infinite
variety of settings fishing. Here are just a color scheme will give
preference to the predator in different fishing conditions, unfortunately,
some physical laws do not explain.
"Dancer" - Cedar Fishing Lures
Cedar Eel Big T
Phase II Lures introduces new woods
Cedar is always a popular choice among anglers that love tossing wood. More recently, a growing demand for more variety and larger sizes has seen the creation of many new designs in the custom lure arena. Successful plug builders are always looking to fill the needs of their customers and Dick Fincher of Phase II does that just as well as anyone. He is always looking to expand his line of "hand-made, productive lures and the sizable "Cedar Eel" and "Big T" are the most recent additions. Based in Westport Connecticut, Phase II is all about producing lures that work. Owner Dick Fincher will tell you that the most important quality of a plug is not how good it looks, but rather its quality and ability to catch fish. He doesn't create baits that look pretty, he builds them to perform.
The Cedar Eel is a specialty lure intended for trolling; however, its casting abilities make it a great choice for slinging in the surf and back bays as well. This slender jointed eel has a body length of 13-inches and an overall length of 17-inches including the tail. The four segment body has an insane undulating swimming action and it has no trouble staying down. When casting, anglers should work it slowly with intermittent twitches and an occasional jerk and drop on the retrieve will produce the best results.
The Cedar Eel wields a single Siwash trailer hook on the business end that is dressed with a hand- tied natural buck tail. Its brush- painted finish is meticulously done with 6 different coats. The Cedar Eel is slated to be available in black/red, blue/red, brown/red, orange/red, pink, yellow/red. The Big T is simply perfect for surf casting or fast trolling as it can be fished as a surface lure or teaser. This scaled-up version of Phase H's popular "Dancer" has a distinctive needlefish profile with a healthy body length of 10-inches and an overall length of 12 1/2-inches with tail. The Big T dons 1 1/2-inch stainless steel screw eyes in the front and rear, both of which are drilled and cemented to ensure they stay embedded after each attack. When casting the Bit T, a steady retrieve creates a nice wake and it can be "walked" side to side as well. A fast retrieve will also produce a wake and a quick twitch and pause will draw additional strikes. The Big T has a 6/0 single Si wash trailer hook with hand-tied buck tail and it undergoes the same 6-layered paint process as the Cedar Eel. It is available in black/red, chartreuse/Ved, pink and white/red. Ask for Phase II Lures at your favorite Northeast tackle retailer or check out the Big T, the Cedar Eel and all of Dick Fincher's creations at phaseiilures.com or call phone: (203) 226-7252./The New Jersey Angler June 2010/
New 2013: Wicked Strike fishing lures
Scents make Sense
Fish are attracted to food by 3 different senses: Sight, Sound and Smell. Wicked Strike fishing Lures ($2 to $7) appeal to all 3 senses. Their Lures have a variety of color patterns for visual appeal. They have a realistic movement in water that creates a vibration sound that resembles live food. And last but not least they appeal to the fishes sense of smell. And that's what sets Wicked Strike Lures apart from all others.
These Wicked Strike Lures have a refillable reservoir containing an absorbent wick. When the lure enters the water it leaves a scent trail that tantalizes fish into striking.
These Lures are amazing in saltwater as well as freshwater. Check out their website(wickedstrike.com) and see how you too can catch more fish.