The body of the float is made of the lightest materials suitable
strength. The most common materials are balsa and foam. Less common,
but no less good material is a polyurethane (or easier - foam).
This material gives additional strength to float due to minimal
residual strain. Stepping on a float, you can easily continue to
use it. There are two problems with this material: it is very time-consuming
to process and requires special (elastic, impregnating) painting.
Paint for this material is highly toxic and thus requires a separate
public facilities and safety measures.
Foam plastic is much easier to process, but has a large porosity,
which either affect the appearance of the finished product, or requires
an additional step in the processing of - putty now. Polyfoam receptive
to paints and lacquers to nitroosnove. Therefore, before starting
production of the float, you want to test your paints and varnishes
on samples of the material.
Balsa (balsa) - a South American tree of very low density, in contrast
to the tube, having a wood structure. Balsa - the easiest to process
the material, has one of the lower densities, but very expensive.
Buy a balm for home-made floats can be a model aircraft clubs. Abroad,
it can be found in specialized fishing shops.
Shape of the body float depends on its sensitivity and stability.
Provides maximum sensitivity body shape in the form of needles.
The prototype of this form is obsolete in all respects "Gusinka
(Figure 1). Float with the shape of the body responds as well to
bite on flood "and" to rise "as the drag is minimal.
Sensitivity of floats, understand, what are biting. To do this,
we divide all the bite on "on the flood" - when the float
goes down, and "to lift" - when the float comes out of
In the first case, with bite "on the flood," sensitivity
depends on the drag of the float, or that the same thing, from its
circularity. In Figure 2, the floats are in order of decreasing
sensitivity. If we take two floats of the same size (capacity),
the greater sensitivity will have a float with a smaller angle,
and distance B (pic 3).
The second factor influencing the sensitivity of bites on the flood,
will be the frictional force between water and the surface of the
float. The magnitude of this force depends on the surface area of
the float, which in turn depends on the size and shape of the body.
Since we consider the floats of the same capacity, the amount excluded
from consideration. It remains to form the body. I will not give
the formulas for calculating the surface area (they are in school
geometry course), except to say that the spherical surface area
of the float will be 3 times less than that of acicular.
And the third factor influencing the sensitivity is the force of
inertia, which depends entirely on the load, ie the volume of the
In the second case, with bite "to lift the sensitivity is
largely dependent on the shape of the upper part of the float. The
thinner this part, the float is sensitive. The thinner the tip of
the float, the less weight podpaska can it be downloaded. When biting
on the rise, "you see the upper part of the float, which appeared
above the water due to rise in fish podpaska. Depending on your
view, you can record only a minimum area of the float, which appeared
above the surface. The smaller this area, the less weight podpaska
have to raise fish. In addition to the area of the float, which
appeared above the water surface, is important and lift the upper
part of the float.
From the foregoing it follows that the thinner will be the tip
of the float, that is, the part which fetched podpaskom, the float
will be more sensitive to bites on the rise. "
Sensitivity to this type of bite also depends on the load (inertia)
float. In addition, it depends on surface area and drag from the
top of the float, but to a lesser extent than bite "on the
flood." Less dependent on these factors (surface area and drag)
due to lower speed ascent of the float in contrast to the sink rate.
And if and when another type of bite sensitivity depends on the
surface tension of water. At the boundary of the transition float
from the water into the air formed a meniscus that prevents both
immersion and surfacing float. This force will be smaller the smaller
the diameter of the float in the section on water level, that is,
the thinner the top of the float, the lower the power and the more
From the above, the sensitivity of the floats can be concluded:
If we do not take into account the friction of water on the surface
of the float, then under any circumstances, the thinner the float,
the more he resembles a needle, the less it has a maximum diameter,
the more sensitive.
Pic 4 shows the main factors acting on the sensitivity of the float.
Percentage of forces affecting the sensitivity is determined by
very complicated. It depends on many factors (water temperature,
rate of biting, etc.). Knowledge on this subject refer to the field
of hydrodynamics at low speeds and to the field of hydrostatics.
Conduct such research on these pages does not make sense, so I will
focus only on the indicative data derived from experience, do not
pretend to scientific research. I think that more than 10 years
of experience with sports floats, allows me to draw the following
1. From 60% to 70% is the force of inertia (load, volume).
2. Drag with bite "on the flood" - 15-20%, "to rise"
3. Shape the top of the float has a role only when biting on the
rise - about 20%.
4. Surface tension - from 10% to 20%.
5. The force of friction is the smallest role in the sensitivity
of the float - about 5%.
Therefore, the conclusion is that the smaller the float and the
more he resembles a needle, so it is sensitive, is correct.
Now that we understand what is a sensitive and on which it depends,
we should recall another characteristic of floats, namely stability.
a) When the bite "on the flood" the drag of the float
1 is smaller than that of the float 2. Float 1 sensitive.
b) if the float 1 is equal to the volume of the float 2, then float
a surface area, and hence the force of friction will be greater
than that of the float 2. Float 2 Sensitivity.
c) inertia (load), the float 1 will be lower than that of the float
2. Float 1 sensitive.
d) When biting on the rise, "the drag of the float 1 is smaller
than that of the float 2. Float 1 sensitive.
e) When a bite "to rise" a float rises higher than the
float 2. Float 1 sensitive.
Stability of the float - the ability to maintain its position under
various external influences such as wind, wave, lags the line.
The general principle in choosing or making a float with a maximum
resistance: the lower center of gravity of the float or the longer
its keel, the more stable. But here we enter into conflict with
the first characteristic - sensitivity. Maximum resistance has a
float with a thin, long the top and bottom of the globe and yet,
with a long keel . But such a float is sensitive only bite on the
rise. " When biting on the flood, "he would not be sensible.
On the other hand, the most sensitive form - the "needle"
- a completely fragile to external factors. Therefore, you must
choose a compromise solution. In the absence of external influences
(wind, waves, currents), you can use a float maximum sensitivity
- the "needle". And in the case of maximum external influence
is necessary to choose a float with a maximum resistance. A novice
can make a conclusion: "If you take a float with a maximum
sensitivity, you can catch in any weather and hydrological situation.
Let the float will be unstable. He's sensitive, and hence bite,
he will record better than the float of a stable, but with less
In fact, it is absolutely not true. Sensitive float in poor conditions
will behave in a way that bite on it will be virtually impossible
Floats with a thin, long upper part with even a small wave, though
he still needed a vertical position, continually emerge from the
water, thereby preventing determine bite. Float a dive, it is shown
above the water at very high altitudes. Although the figure strongly
exaggerated behavior of the float (the float body still makes a
compensatory move up - down), use a float with waves is impossible,
but for the bites on the rise, "it fits perfectly.
Also, shockingly, it behaves in the wind "needle". This
float does not tolerate any outside influences. Even the wiring
is difficult to achieve with such a float. On a wave of "needle"
is behaving like this, as shown in Figure 8. Notice bite in this
situation is practically impossible.
Quite different behavior in the wake of the floats spherical or
inverted teardrop shape. Compensatory vertical movement of such
floats are sufficient to prompt the ascent and descent. Shows the
behavior of such a float. It is certainly not so sensitive as the
two previously mentioned float. Notice bite "to rise"
for it is very difficult, but he is well react to the bite "on
Now that we've figured out a little wave action on the floats,
it's time to move on to the stream. The impact of flow on the float
is approximately the same as that of braking lesoy in implementing
the wiring. And again the most sensitive floats we do not fit. Thin
elongated floats emerge from the water and very lean. Even big-bellied
spherical floats out of the vertical position. And for the spherical
float is extremely undesirable, since the effect is obtained. As
you can see above water is that part of the float, which should
not be there. Partly to avoid such an effect is possible, extending
the keel of the float, or, even better, to raise lesopropusknoe
ring as close as possible to the antenna float. Elongation of the
keel prevents severe slope float, and close to the antenna location
ringlet not give a float stick out of the water in a vertical direction.
If earlier on floats ring was set low enough, then almost all kinds
of advanced float ring is set close to the antenna.
The behavior of the float with high and low position of a ring.
Although high ring prevents multiple bites on the rise ", this,
in my opinion, can be neglected. And if conditions permit fishing
(complete calm, the absence of flow, etc.), it is better to use
a float with a slightly shifted downward position ring. Of course,
this should be done only at catching when dominated by biting on
the rise. " Most often it is catching bream, silver bream less
carp. Displacement ringlet should be such that the upper part of
the ringlet float unloaded a shepherd boy. Then, for bites on the
rise "will be free to float up to the ring.
Resistant Floats to
wave and wind
I suggest to the attention of anglers dobychlivoy design and easy-to-use
gear. It responds well to bite, allows long and accurate casts can
be used for wire fishing. Another important advantage of her - she
is insensitive to wave and wind.
Upper point of suspension is much higher center of gravity of the
float with a sinker that causes the float to take in water is strictly
vertical position while in the air (when casting) does not allow
him to roll over, that is, prevents tangling leashes around the
antenna. For the manufacture of the float will need: a dense foam
core with a diameter of a ballpoint pen 3,5 and length of 130 millimeters,
another rod with a diameter 2.5 mm, tailor pin (if it does, you
can make the keel of a steel wire of diameter 0.5 mm). The rod is
cleaned of ink, then from the writer node (core) remove the ball.
Enter into a core pin, the end of her bending to the pin is not
rushed back. In rod pour a drop of waterproof glue and pressed into
place the core, drowning (for strength) and a side core rod. The
upper end of the bar drowned out the wooden plug in the glue. Side
hole in the body of the float to cement the sleeve from the rod
diameter of 2.5 millimeters. Bob crash into the red, the antenna
nanoshu black and white stripes.
The main fishing line with a diameter 0.2 mm using a needle put
on lock-limiting length 5-7 mm, made of a rubber roller segment
of household gloves. Then strengthened sliding float. Lower limit
is a fraction, set above the node loop core fishing line. Higher
fractions of the main fishing line tied to the top hook on the leash
length of about 10 centimeters. At 30-40 mm from the hook is fixed
sinker of lead tape. The closer to a hook placed in the sinker,
the more sensitive to tackle bite.
Snap to configure a container with water. The pin fin have a shot.
Reinforcing plate of lead on a leash a few more weight than necessary,
hang up the leash hook for the loop keel pins and put a float in
a bowl of water. Georgia should go to the bottom, sinking float.
Cutting off pieces of lead, facilitate the sinker until the float
will not take a position . Once the desired weight of the cargo
was found, shot with the keel removed. Depending on the type of
nozzle and the value of fish using hooks N4-6 with a short or medium
length forearm. Stinger hooks I bring to the touchstone, which increases
their zatsepistost and facilitates spitted bait.
Equip a fishing rod with two hooks: the lower (bottom) and the
top. Lower hook always falls on the bottom of the reservoir and
the upper, at the request of anglers can be in any layer of water.
Application of the top hook makes tackle more catchability as carp
often takes the nozzle above the bottom. Bite on the upper and lower
hooks can be expressed in different ways: if the fish pecked at
the bottom hook - the float falls and goes away, if at the top -
he is drowning. At the pond, moving on the fishing line the upper
limiter, secure that the water was rising about half of the antenna
For a survey of different horizons shifted the lower limit, together
with the leash, is bound to the upper hook. Desirable to have a
rod with a carrying ring and the coil.
Even such easy bait, as maggots or worms with a float ogruzhennym
can throw at a decent distance. "Landed" means that you
are in between the vodka and a float suspended as lead pellets,
which over the water from melting on the tip is just brilliant.
The fish should feel as much as possible is less than the resistance,
but at the same time, you should see the bite.
When ogruzhivanii float helps test. Test the water, how many pig
tsovyh pellets need to UTO drink float to the desired limit. Weight
lures also be taken into account, so you need money. On the maggots
can zhete not pay attention, but the worm will spread on a hook.
On most floats indicated crude zopodemnost. The standard model for
catching bleak, tench and carp ogruzhaetsya 4.2 grams. Float on
the perch - 6 - 8 ounces, on the pike - 10-15 grams.
Float depth adjustment
The third and perhaps most important function of the float (after
the alarm and test) - it keeps the bait in the right layer in the
hole. A fish rises to the surface? Then there with a float, you
can omit the bait at 50 centimeters. If ete feeling that the fish
are biting in the middle horizon, then choose an average depth of
fishing. Or maybe you prefer to catch the bottom? Then install the
corresponding float the following way!
You are not tied to a specific horizontal umbrella of water as a
donk. On the float you can all! You decide how deep your lure lateral
fall. There are two types of float equipment: how deaf and zyaschaya.
With a dull snap float on the fishing line is compensated by a fixed,
often with rubber rings. This means that if you want to catch at
a depth of three meters, then on your swimming trunks should be
three feet above the bait. Disadvantages: When fishing deep le with
a snap at the time of casting at your vershinkoy rod will hang a
large piece of twine. Such casts you can hardly run on your standard
rod (3.30 meters). Sometimes I remains hanging on the shore, sometimes
overlap occurs fishing line or just hook up something hooked ...
My advice: leave blank for float fishing tackle fishermen to catch
torye on long rods without rings. With such a blank fishing equipment
on the practical: Tackle simply hangs from the end of the rod, and
bait is lowered to the desired depth. Anyone who wants to catch
lots of fish to a short time, such events must use this method.
I think that with a sliding snap-in you will be much easier to handle,
in any direction if it is a couple of seconds can be changed into
a blank (see useful advice).
A sliding float is attached just above you a leash and do not interfere
with casting. I will recommend you to use float vaggler. He simply
rocks »(to waggle - swing). This float only to one eye at the lower
end. In contrast to the floats with two ears, it behaves when casting
could not be better. Ears are not welling up with cuttings.
Another advantage vagglerov: they are equipped with interchangeable
When you're sliding on scores of heats, the line slips through the
eye. And wa wa bait probably sank to the bottom. But you on the
fishing line is the stopper that is attached on top of the float.
Stopper case is simple: Take a piece of twine about 15 inches long,
wrap it five times around the main fishing line, soak all the saliva
and tighten (not too tightly, otherwise the lock will not slide).
It now trim the ends of fishing line so that it remains approximately
centimeter. So, you have a sliding stop. In stores and sold ready-stoppers,
such as rubber balls.
With a sliding float tackle you can catch at any depth, even on
such that exceeds the length of the rod. But locking your site must
be sufficiently small to glide smoothly through the rod rings. Too
little stopper often slips through the eye of the float, and then
your wok Pople not rise. You can avoid this by using a little trick:
to put in front of the float retainer will Cinque. Its opening is
much narrower than the eye of the float, so that the stopper knot
in it does not slip and your float will stand as a sentry.