lovely & interesting:

Laura Dekker - Round the world voyage. Know More About the youngest sailor around the globe, psychological state and sailing skills.

Methods of the Fishery - methods used in the trap and line fishery

and fishing knots

Fishing Equipment

Knots info - Instructions & methods and styles

How to

Tie a Fishing Hook

Tying Manual -

Surgeon Knot

At First, Lay line and leader parallel,overlapping each other six inches. Form a loop with the two lines, treting the two az a single line.
Pass end of line and entire leader through the the loop.Wet knot and pull all
four ends uniformly to draw knot up and trim tag-ends.Cut the tags ends and Tighten and Lubricate.

breaking strength:90-95%,the best knot especially for tippet& leader with various nylons line in different sizes.

Sailor's strong SheetBend


The fact that the red makes a choke ring makes all the differance. Now we want the strongest part of the red choke (not near it's free end); to pinch directly on the least tensioned part of white, for most positive trap. When you do this, you start the turn of the red around the bight of the white, on the loose tail side, so it makes a 360 degree circle around and subsequentally finishes on the same side as free end of white too.

quick SheetBend Knot

Quick SheetBend & Lapp Knot

Prolly the favorite use for SheetBend would be
slipped in standard or roundturn form for quick and clean release of tiedowns, line extensions etc. Pull to release.

When the ends in un-slipped form end up on the same side, SheetBend is properly loaded for best security. As any other knot, replacing the hitch ring with a full round turn immediately upgrades it easily for security and sometimes strength.

Knots that incorporate a drawloop as a quick-release on often leave fingers and fingernails with a final bit of untying. The Lapp knot is pure escapism: tug the short endline and it falls apart. Unjustly dismissed by some as a false sheetbend this knot has in fact been known for at least a century.



A Square Knot is a fair, light duty joining of ends of a line. It counts on
the Equal and Opposite force lines to directly oppose each other (or makes Theif). Also, that the tails lock agianst each other (or makes Granny). The lines must be the same size/type; and both loaded.The diagram should make this clear, but do take care to finish with the bitter ends of the two lines on the same side.
And pull it tight.

safety knot


The Bowline knot is a general knot which is used on a day to day basis when Sailing. It was one of the first knots I was taught on my competent crew course A favourite by all, and the best thing about it is that no matter how hard it is tugged on it is always easy to release.

A bowline basically makes a loop so it can be used to go over a bollard or through a ring on the Quayside . You can even use it to join two ropes together by making two bowlines which are joined (although generally for that I'd recommend a double sheet bend).

Rolling Hitch Kont

A rolling hitch is similar to a clove hitch and is used to grip a rope under tension.

It has the ability to take a sideways load as well as a perpendicular load.

It can be used to secure the anchor chain, so that the weight of the anchor is taken by the rope and not the anchor windlass, and it stops the noise of the chain moving over the front roller as the boat moves. It assures the anchor chain does not slip and allow more anchor chain to be released. You can sleep easy without anchor chain noise and knowing that the chain won't suddenly start to release more. No one wants to find themselves Sailing away with the anchor chain releasing - at least you'd stop eventually when the chain ran out.

Fishing, Outdoor Boating and Paddling Knots

- animated and illustrated, Step by Step instruction knots

Our Fishing Knots Index include:

Line To Line Knots: Albright Special, Double Uni, Blood Knot, Nail Knot, J Knot, Slim Beauty Knot, Yucatan Knot
Loop Knots: Surgeon’s End Loop,Rapala Knot,Perfection Loop,Non Slip Loop Knot,Bimini Twist and Dropper Loop
Terminal/Hook Connections:Baja Knot, World’s Fair Knot, Uni Knot, Trilene Knot, Traditional & Snell Knot, San Diego Jam Knot, Palomar Knot, Orvis Knot, Offshore Swivel Knot, Knotless Knot,Clinch,Arbor Knot, Eye Crosser Knot and Fishi-N-Fool Knot
Miscellaneous:Hook Removal, Drop Shot Rig and Egg Loop




The Tailknott - made in usa high quality effective knot tying tool, (patented since the late 1800s) designed to produce simple and rapid knots, in additional tying knots(Short Shanked Hook knot,Nail knot loop, Laromar, DB looper, Larry's loop, Long tag dropper, Nail knot, Backing knot, Shank tie, Nail knot slip sinker,Non-slip mono loop, Trilene, Tailknot and much more knots quickly, and easily but more stronger importantly knots.

...this lightweight little knottool is a MUST HAVE for every fly tackle box

published:Europes top Angling Magazines Beet 03 11


essential and useful for good basic fly-lure fishing:

The non-slip

loop knot

published: Today's Fly Fisher magazine | June 2003

Step One
Form a loop in the tippet material and hold it in between your thumb and forefinger. Ensure that it is large enough for the fly to pass through easily.

Step Two
Thread the fly onto the tag end of the knot. The tag end is the part which is going to be cut off when the knot is finished.

Step Three
Take the tag end around the base of the initial loop and stop with the line ending up parallel to the fly.

Step Four
Move the tag end through 180 degrees in between the two loops. You will have to release the pressure on the loops slightly to do this.

Step Five
Slide the fly around the second loop and feed it through the first, taking care to feed the fly and the dressing (any tails etc) fully through.

Step Six
Form the knot by slowly pulling the main line stop at the point just before the knot is completed.

Step Seven
Grab the tag end and apply some saliva to reduce friction in the final stages of the knot formation.

Step Eight
Finish the knot by pulling both the tag end and the main line. Neatly trim the tag end leaving the finished knot.

Tying tips
During step five you can choose the final loop size. Make it smaller or larger here by adjusting the initial loop size via the main line - it takes a bit of practise.

Double Overhand


This simple but effective loop is most commonly used to accommodate a loop-to-loop hooklength. It can also be used to house a swivel or weight, by simply slipping the loop through and over the swivel or lead.
Step One:Form a loop at the end of your line.

Step Two:Tie an overhand knot with the loop.
Step Three:Add another wrap to the knot.
Step Four:Close up the knot tightly and the loop is ready.
This knot is also used when joining a cast to a mainline.

"Knotting and Splicing" -

various Knots and Hitches

- Lovely old stuff

This Demonstration Article has a large selection of knots is based on many years of sailing


by Francis B.Cooke

Knotting and splicing are best learnt from practical demonstration, and I strongly advise you to get some expert yachting friend or a waterman to give you a few lessons. To describe how to make the various knots and hitches commonly used by 8ailormen is by no means an easy matter, whilst to illustrate them clearly is even more difficult. I will in this chapter, however, endeavour to explain how the knots more commonly used by yachtsmen are made.

Fig. 14 | Fig. 15

The Parts of a Rope

.-To enable you to follow the instructions I give for making the various knots and hitches, it will be necessary for you to know what the different parts of a rope are called. This you will gather from the accompanying diagram (Fig. 14). In the following diagrams the rope's end is shown pointed so that you may distinguish it from the standing part. Overhand Knot.-You will see how to make this from the diagram (Fig. 15). It is of very little use by itself, but it forms the basis of the reef knot.

A reef knot is not secure enough for mooring lines on a boat as it can come untied easily. It is a simple sailor knot to tie and is what one would call a binding knot. This is probably one of the most simple knots that we tend to use not just for Sailing but for simply things like tying our shoelaces.

Reef Knot

.-This is simply one overhand knot made over another (Fig. 16). You will notice that both standing part and end pass through the bight the same way, otherwise it would be what is commonly called a " granny." As you will gather from its name, the reef knot is used for tying up the reef points of a sail. Don't use it for joining two ropes together as it is not reliable when thus employed, particularly if the ropes happen to be of different sizes.

Fig. 16 | Fig. 17

Clove Hitch

.-This is a most useful hitch, as it can be employed for many purposes. The diagram above (Fig. 17) will show you how to make it. Note that when making the hitch the end follows on, that is to say, it travels in the same direction throughout.

Fig. 18 | Fig. 19

Half Hitch

.-The end of the rope is passed round the standing part and brought up through the bight (Fig. 18). Two Half Hitches.-Make a half hitch and repeat it (Fig. 19). Two half hitches are often used for securing a dinghy painter to a post, or making fast a rope to a ring.

Figure or Eight, or Flemish, Knot

.-Pass the end of the rope over and then under the standing part and bring it down through the bight from above (Fig. 20). This knot is used on the end of a headsail sheet to prevent it running out through the fairlead when the yacht is in stays.

Fig. 20 | Fig. 21

Timber Hitch

.-Take the end of the rope round a spar, pass it under and over the standing part, and then take several turns round its own part (Fig. 21). This can be used for making the topsail halyard fast to the yard or for towing a spar.


.-Make a small bight, then pass the end through same, then round the standing part from above and finally back through the bight from below (Fig. 22). There is a quicker way of making a bowline than this, but it is a knack which can only

Fig. 22 | Fig. 23 | Fig. 24

be learnt from demonstration. A bowline is one of the most useful knots known to the sailorman and can be employed for many purposes. It will not come adrift under any conditions and yet can always be undone easily when desired. When you make fast your dinghy to a ring on the causeway on a rising tide you should do so with a very long bowline so that you can get at the knot to undo it should you want the boat at high water when the ring is immersed.

Common Bend

.-Make a bight in the end of one rope and then pass the end of another through the bight, round both parts, and tuck the end under its own part. This is commonly used for bending two ropes together (Fig. 23).

Rolling Hitch

.-This is used when you want to attach a tail block to a rope, or if you require a hitch that will not slip on a spar. Take a turn with the end of the rope round the spar or rope to which you wish to hitch, bringing the end below the standing part. Then take another turn above the first, jam- ming it between the first turn and the standing part. Finish off with a half hitch over all for the sake of security (Fig. 24).

Sheet Bend

.-This is used for bending on the spinnaker halyard or topsail sheet. It is very like a common bend but the cringle of the sail takes the place of the bight, whilst the rope is passed round twice instead of only once (Fig. 25).

Fig. 25 | Fig. 26

Fisherman's Bend

-This is used for securing the warp to a kedge. Pass the rope twice through the ring of the anchor, then over the standing part, and finally through both the turns on the anchor ring. For the sake of security finish off with a half hitch round the standing part (Fig. 26).

Topsail Halyard Bend

.-As its name implies, this is used for securing the topsail halyard to the yard. Pass the end of the halyard three times round the yard, then over the standing part, down through all three turns, then over the last two turns and under the third (Fig. 27).

To Make a Short Splice

.-Unlay the rope ends for about six inches and place them together so that the strands interlock (Fig. 28). Now take a strand and pass it over the one opposite to it and under the next (Fig. 29). Do the same with the other strands until each has been dipped twice (Fig. 30). Then halve the strands, i.e., cut away half the yarns, and dip once more.

Fig. 27 | Fig. 28

Fig. 29 | Fig. 30

Cut of! the ends and then roll the splice under your foot to smooth down the work. When splicing rope the strands must be lifted with a marline-spike, or better still, with a fid. A fid is a marline-spike made of hard wood. It is nicer to work with than an iron spike and does not damage the rope so much.

To Make an Eye Splice

.-The principle involved is just the same as in a short splice. Unlay the strands for about six- inches and lay back the end of the rope on to the standing part so as to form an eye of the desired size. Then take the middle strand that you have unlaid and dip it beneath one of the laid-up strands. Working from right to left, do the same with the next strand. Then turn the rope over and pass the third strand under the remaining laid-up strand. Dip each strand once more, then halve them and dip again.

To Make a Rope Grommet

.-To make a grommet such as is used for stropping a block, unlay a strand of rope, taking care not to disturb the lay more than you can help. Then lay it up again (Figs. 31 and 32). To finish it off, halve the strands and tie an overhand knot. Then dip the ends, as in splicing, and cut them off. When completed the grommet should have the appearance of a neat rope ring, like a deck quoit. The length of strand to unlay should be rather more than three times the circumference of the finished grommet.

Fig. 31 | Fig. 32

To Make a Long Splice

.-Should you carry away a halyard or any other rope that has to render through a block, the only practical method of repairing the damage is by means of a long splice, which does not add to the thickness of the rope. Unlay the strands about three times as far as you would for a short splice and place the ends together so that the strands interlock. Now unlay one strand still further, laying up in its place the opposite strand. Do this with all the strands (Fig. 33).

Fig. 33

Then halve the strands, tie an overhand knot with each pair, cut out some more yarns and dip each strand once before cutting off the superfluous ends. If neatly made the long splice will be almost invisible, will render freely through the block, and will be as strong as the rest of the rope.

Fig. 34 | Fig. 35

To Pass a Seizing

.-A block or thimble is secured in a rope by means of a seizing. Take a length of stout tarred marline and make a small eye in the end with a timber hitch. Pass it round one part of the rope that is to be operated upon, and, threading the other end through the eye, haul taut. Then take a number of neat turns round both parts of the rope, just below the thimble or block, hauling each turn as tight as possible, using the marline-spike as a lever. When the seizing is sufficiently wide, put on another layer of turns, working back over the first lot. The second layer of turns are called "riders" and lie in the interstices of the first layer (Fig. 34). Then take a couple of turns round the seizing between the two parts of the rope, and finish off with a clove hitch (Fig. 35).

Fig. 36

To Whip a Rope's End

.-Rope ends are whipped with seaming twine to prevent the strands unravelling. To do this, take a length of twine about 18 inches long and lay about an inch of one end along the rope-end, holding it in position with your thumb whilst you lay 011 the first few turns of the whipping. Whip towards the end of the rope and when you have put on about two-thirds of the whipping, lay back the other end of the twine on the rope and whip over it, passing the bight of twine over the rope-end each tnrn. When you have put on sufficient turns, haul the end of the twine taut and cut it off. The rope-end will then be neatly whipped with both ends tucked under the whipping (Fig. 36).

To Make a Selvagee Strop

. Drive two nails into a stout plank at a distance apart determined by the size of the strop

Fig. 37

required. Then take a ball of spunyarn, or marline, and make the end fast to one of the nails. Wind the spunyarn tightly round and round the nails until a suitable thickness is obtained and then seize the strop with spunyarn in five or six places. The strop must then be covered either with canvas or leather. If you use canvas the cover must be painted after it has been sewn on. If the strop is covered with leather, wet the latter before sewing it on. Selvagee strops are easily made, arc very neat, and quite strong (Fig. 37).

/by Francis B.Cooke/

Published: SEAMANSHIP FOR YACHTSMEN | London Edward Arnold & CO. - 1923

Dutra Double Loop Knot

I (for contacts and comments: created this knot because I wasn't satisified with existing known double loop knots. After searching through Ashley's Book of Knots and all the others I've found, I discovered it wasn't in them. So I use the word "created". I've found it to be strong, secure, easy to tie,
and fairly easy to untie.

To tie:First tie an overhand knot with the line doubled and don't pull the single loop
all the way through. That single loop goes over the double loops and overhand knot as the arrow line and the following 2 pictures show.

Draw the knot up by holding & pulling the standing part & working end (left arrow)
while pulling the double loops (right arrow) to the right until knot is evenly snug
as shown in the picture below.

This knot is very easy and quick to tie (and remember) making it a good rescue knot. The loops (if knot is properly & evenly drawn tight) do not readily spill over to each other. It can also be fairly easy to untie by holding the loop that was passed over the overhand knot while pulling down on the other part of the overhand knot. This spills the whole knot.